All posts by Dj

How to run windows games and applications on linux ?

Well the most basic thing required is WINE (WINE Is Not an Emulator or Windows Environment)

(Note you must have direct rendering enabeled use glxinfo to check)

1)Install Wine

Fedora Users : su yum install wine or use yum Ex or use Smart Package Manager.
Ubuntu /Debian Users: su apt-get install wine
OpenSUSE: Use Yast NOTE: YOU MUST HAVE PROPER REPOSITORIES LIKE PACMAN OR LIVNA

or just download .rpm or .deb package and install.
Continue reading How to run windows games and applications on linux ?

Bash Commands List

Well here is a basic index of commands used in bash found it at a great site  here

For More Info on the commands visit the above link:

alias          Create an alias
apropos     Search Help manual pages (man -k)
awk           Find  and Replace text, database sort/validate/index

break         Exit from a loop
builtin        Run a shell builtin
bzip2         Compress or decompress named file(s)

cal             Display a calendar
case           Conditionally perform a command
cat             Display the contents of a file
cd              Change Directory
cfdisk        Partition table manipulator for Linux
chgrp        Change group ownership
chmod      Change access permissions
chown      Change file owner and group
chroot       Run a command with a different root directory
cksum       Print CRC checksum and byte counts
clear          Clear terminal screen
cmp           Compare two files
comm        Compare two sorted files line by line
command  Run a command – ignoring shell functions
continue    Resume the next iteration of a loop
cp             Copy one or more files to another location
cron          Daemon to execute scheduled commands
crontab     Schedule a command to run at a later time
csplit        Split a file into context-determined pieces
cut            Divide a file into several parts

date          Display or change the date & time
dc             Desk Calculator
dd             Data Dump – Convert and copy a file
Continue reading Bash Commands List

Hibernate mode in Windows Vista Power Option

Well i have dual boot (Fedora 8 and Vista Business) and just yesterday i noticed that that vista seemed to lack hibernate option after searching in power options for some time i remembered about the command line config from earlier versions and luckily it still works. NOTE: IN VISTA ULTIMATE IT IS ENABLED BY DEFAULT

1)Open cmd in administrator mode

2) Type & Use powercfg.exe /hibernate on

or powercfg -H ON

Enjoy!!

NOTE :Hibernate in some systems makes it unstable on re-wakening

Ultimate Essentials tips Fedora 8 Guide

(all commands r to be typed in terminal with sudo or su logon)

After installation essentials:

1)Adding livna repositories : (VERY ESSENTIAL ALL OTHER STEPS REQUIRE THIS)
Since Fedoras own repositories dont have much softwares use livna or packman repositories
rpm -Uhv http://rpm.livna.org/livna-release-8.rpm
then yum update

2)YUMEX :install yumex for gui interface for yum , believe me u need it to get to choose your architecture else yum seems to download all versions .( unless u specify 64bitx86 or i386).
yum -y install yumex

3)MP3 SUPPORT:

Now u can either use YUMEX or type in terminal.
Gstreamer & Xine

yum -y install gstreamer-plugins-ugly gstreamer-plugins-bad libmad libid3tag amarok-extras-nonfree

Note: this is needed for players like: banshee, listen, exaile, amarok ,rhythmbox,xmms

install any player eg for amarok yum install amarok amarok-extras-nonfree

4)GCC compatibility:

Fedora 8 ships and uses GCC 4.1. Some applications that were compiled with an older GCC (ex: 3.2) will require compatibility libraries

yum -y install compat-libstdc++-33 compat-libstdc++-296

5)REAL PLAYER:

Download RealPlayer 11 from: http://www.real.com/linux/. use the .bin not the .rpm.

Select: “Advanced Installation RedHat Package”

Before installing RealPlayer, make sure to have the compat-libstdc++-33 compatibility libraries installed.
yum install compat-libstdc++-33
For RPM:
sudo rpm -ivh RealPlayer11.rpm

note:if real/helix or any plugin doesnt load in firefox use:sudo /usr/bin/mozilla-plugin-config -i -f

6)Video Players: mostly vlc,xine and mplayer r used:

mplayer: yum install mplayer mplayer-gui mplayer-skins mplayer-fonts mplayerplug-in mencoder
xine yum install xine xine-lib-extras xine-lib-extras-nonfree libdvdcss
vlc yum install vlc

i prefer xine as it has DVD playback.

7)Video Binary Codecs: some unsupported formats can be played by installing codecs from original mplayer project:

Download http://www.mplayerhq.hu/MPlayer/releases/codecs/all-20071007.tar.bz2

then

mkdir -p /usr/lib/codecs

tar -jxvf all-20071007.tar.bz2 –strip-components 1 -C /usr/lib/codecs/

*Remember to be in su or use sudo

8)Macromedia Flash :

For 32 bit:

install the Adobe YUM repository, and install through yum:

rpm -ivh http://linuxdownload.adobe.com/adobe-release/adobe-release-i386-1.0-1.noarch.rpm
rpm --import /etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-adobe-linux
yum install flash-plugin

For 64 bit:

mkdir -p /usr/lib/mozilla/plugins
yum install nspluginwrapper.{i386,x86_64} pulseaud/io-lib.i386
yum install flash-plugin
mozilla-plugin-config -i -g -v

*Remember to be in su or use sudo

9)Mounting Partitions: Fedora 8 has ntfs 3g preinstalled but sometimes the partitions dont get mounted hence editing fstab gives read/write support on boot

a) use fdisk : /sbin/fdisk -l
b) note down partions u wnt to access name (eg sda1) type (eg ntfs or FAT32)
c)open gedit in sudo mode
d)open /etc/fstab
e)make mount points:
mkdir /media/drive
drive can be replaced by whatever name u choose

f)
for ntfs drive sda1 keeping name c_drive /dev/sda1 /media/c_drive ntfs-3g rw,defaults,umask=0000 0 0
or simply /dev/sda1 /media/c_drive ntfs-3g defaults 0 0

if drive is fat use vfat instead of ntfs-3g u dont require other lines

10)Iced Tea Java is by default installed if not use yum install java-1.7.0-icedtea java-1.7.0-icedtea-plugin

11)Samba filesharing with windows networks : (!!still has issues!!)
1. Install Samba

It is best to have Samba installed in the installation process. If not yum users can install using: Add/Remove Software > Servers > Windows File Server. Users without yum can install the following packages from their DVD (or download): samba, samba-common, samba-client.

2. Add Shares

gedit /etc/samba/smb.conf

[c_drive]
path = /media/c_drive
public = yes
writable = no
[netshare]
path = /data/
public = yes
writable = yes

If ‘writable’ the location must be writable in Linux first. Additionally permissions must match (for example: drw-rw-rw-).

If home data (all personal files under /home/username) is to be accessible, then set ‘browseable = yes’ under [homes] (~line 250). This configuration file is very descriptive, read through it to get more ideas or information.

3. Add Users

To access shares, you must be a valid user. Add valid users AND passwords using the smbpasswd command.

This login name WILL be the login name and password you use from Windows to access your Linux computer. The password does NOT need to match your Linux password.

smbpasswd -a username

4. Start Samba Service

Run samba and check for any errors:

/etc/init.d/smb start
Use chkconfig or serviceconf to enable samba (smb) in both runlevels 3 and 5. This will make sure to run Samba each time Fedora boots.

/sbin/chkconfig –list smb
/sbin/chkconfig –level 35 smb on
/sbin/chkconfig –list smb
/etc/init.d/smb restart

Firewall Users

Run system-config-securitylevel

To allow Samba access to work through your firewall you must set ‘Samba’ as a ‘Trusted service’.

SELinux Users

SELinux has significant control over restricting different parts of Samba. Run system-config-selinux. Please read lines #23 – #51 in /etc/samba/smb.conf for a better explanation. The following is NOT complete.

On the command line you can run:

/usr/sbin/setsebool -P samba_export_all_rw on

For any changes made above to the SELinux settings or smb.conf, it is recommended to restart Samba.